The "How to ABA" Team
SHAYNA GAUNT MA, BCBA
SHIRA KARPEL M.Ed, BCBA
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Recent Blog Posts
Many of our students struggle with initiating language and conversation. This is why there is usually a strong emphasis on manding and requesting in an ABA program. Teaching them to ask for things that they want builds a relationship of communication between the child and others. Basic manding teaches a child to ask for tings Read more about Manding With ‘Wh Questions’[…]
In our last blog post, we discussed expanding language to 2-3 word phrases using verbs and attributes. In this post, we will discuss expanding language even further using one of our favourite materials – sequencing cards. There are various sequencing skills that the ABLLS assessment touches upon: visual performance of putting picture sequences in order Read more about Expanding Language Skills – Part 2[…]
When working with a student who is just acquiring language, we spend a lot of time teaching how to answer questions. “What does a dog say?” “What’s your name?” “What’s this?” “What do you do with a shoe?” The answers to these questions are often simple 1-word answers, which is a great place to be Read more about Expanding Language Skills – Part 1[…]
Direct Instruction is an evidence-based teaching approach that falls under the umbrella of ABA. We use at least one (or a combination of a few) DI programs with many of our students. We even have some students who have loved the books so much that Language for Learning became a leisure activity! Direct Instruction operates Read more about Direct Instruction (DI) Programs[…]
A Behaviour Intervention Plan (BIP) is what takes the observations from a functional assessment and turns them into a concrete plan of suggestions. It is also sometimes known as a behaviour protocol or behaviour treatment plan. It should be based on a functional assessment or a functional analysis so that the suggestions made are function-based. Read more about Writing a Behaviour Intervention Plan (BIP)[…]
Behaviour is communication. It is our students’ way of telling us how they feel or what they need. Behaviour can have many different forms but what it looks like is not as important as what it’s trying to tell us. The function of the behaviour is the part that tells us WHY the behaviour is Read more about Function Over Form: Functional Communication Training[…]
Having trouble with or feeling timid about transitioning your client with autism from diapers to the toilet? Fret not! Follow the steps below – it’s the approach we’ve used for many years to successfully toilet train our clients. Remember: Be patient, be consistent and be your kiddos biggest cheerleader as she learns to use the Read more about Toilet Training 101[…]
When we get asked for a quick and easy fix for a behavioural problem (eg: “What do I do when…”) our answer is usually, “It depends”. The solution to behaviour management lies not in the topography of the behaviour, but in the function that the behaviour serves. There can be two children who both engage Read more about How To Do A Functional Behaviour Assessment[…]
Parents all have goals about what they’d like their kids to do and have in adulthood. Perhaps they imagine their daughter as an esteemed marine biologist who writes books and owns estates around the world. Or maybe their goal for their son, who has special needs, is to live in a nice home with friends or by himself and have a job he really enjoys. It is our job to help set our students and families up for success in the future. In order to do this, we need to start grooming their independence skills when they are young. We want to help ensure that our clients will be proficient at taking care of themselves to the best of their abilities by the time they are grown up and ready to leave home.
Once a student is a pro with beginner’s self-care tasks, incrementally delve into the more advanced targets that follow. If your kiddo struggles with learning life skills, then be sure to employ the recommended teaching tools and tips. Read more about How To Foster Independence Skills
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In the first year of children’s lives, they rely on their parents and caregivers for everything. As children approach 2 years of age, however, the journey towards independence should start with teaching them how to do simple self care tasks, such as using the potty and taking off their hats. We encourage starting to Read more about How To Teach A Young Child Self Care Skills[…]